, The Hudson River valley also proved to be a good area for railroads. , Along the river, the Palisades are of metamorphic basalt, or diabases, the Highlands are primarily granite and gneiss with intrusions, and from Beacon to Albany, shales and limestones, or mainly sedimentary rock. Two infiltration trenches will be installed in an abandoned road. Shallow coves and bays are often covered with submarine vegetation; shallower areas harbor diverse benthic fauna. Tidal waters influence the Hudson's … The river serves as a political boundary between the states of New Jersey and New York at its southern end. Positively, the mussel clears suspended particles, allowing for more light to aquatic vegetation. Most of Westchester, Putnam, Orange, Ulster, Columbia and Albany Counties, Much of western and central Dutchess, eastern Greene, and southern Rensselaer Counties, and. The links below go to United States Geological Survey (USGS) web pages. An overview of the monitoring project for the entire state, Groundwater Quality in the Lower Hudson River Basin, New York, 2008, Downloading the entire groundwater dataset, Wappingers Creek Watershed Management Plan, Quassaick Creek Watershed Management Plan, Casperkill Creek Watershed Management Plan, Watervliet Reservoir Watershed Management Plan. Their smoked flesh was commonly eaten in the river valley since 1779, and it was sometimes known as "Albany beef". Ensuring the availability of farmland in the Hudson Valley and Catskills for the farmers of today and tomorrow. Memoirs of a Forgotten Man. 2 = Transmits from Equinox Mountain in Manchester, Vermont. Rondout/Wallkill Rivers (1,584 river/stream miles), Stockport/Kinderhook Creeks (1,077 miles), Ashokan Reservoir (8,060 lake/reservoir acres), Muscoot/Upper New Croton Reservoir (770 acres).  In response to this contamination, activists protested in various ways. Das Hudson Valley umfasst das Tal des Hudson River und die an ihn angrenzenden Gemeinden im US-Bundesstaat New York, von den Städten Albany und Troy südwärts bis zum nördlichen Westchester County. , Marine life is known to exist in the estuary, with seals, crabs, and some whales reported. Fifty years ago, most Hudson Valley residents thought that the river that runs through it was a lost cause. The Hudson River was designated as an American Heritage River in 1997. The Lower Hudson Watershed extends from the Battery at the southern end of Manhattan to the Troy Dam at the confluence of the Mohawk River. The Natural Resource Mapper is frequently updated with new data sets. Scientists identified the genetic mutation that conferred the resistance, and found that the mutated form was present in 99 percent of the tomcods in the river, compared to fewer than 10 percent of the tomcods from other waters. The River links to the Erie Canal and Great Lakes, allowing manufacturing in the Midwest, including automobiles in Detroit, to use the river for transport. The rising sea levels after the retreat of the Wisconsin glaciation, the most recent ice age, have resulted in a marine incursion that drowned the coastal plain and brought salt water well above the mouth of the river.  The river then reaches the Federal Dam in Troy, marking an impoundment of the river. The lower half of the river is a tidal estuary, deeper than the body of water into which it flows, occupying the Hudson Fjord, an inlet which formed during the most recent period of North American glaciation, estimated at 26,000 to 13,300 years ago.  The term also continues to be used in names of facilities in the river's southern portion, such as the North River piers, North River Tunnels, and the North River Wastewater Treatment Plant. Ellis Island, partially belonging to both the states of New Jersey and New York, is located just south of the river's mouth in New York Harbor. The first project is located in Pound Ridge within the FAD basin in Cross River.  The tracks continue north of Poughkeepsie as Amtrak trains run further north to Albany. Hundreds of factories were built around the Hudson, in towns including Poughkeepise, Newburgh, Kingston, and Hudson. Currently, the river has about 7,000 acres (28 km2) acres of wetlands, and rising sea levels due to climate change are expected to lead to an expansion of that area. The Hudson River estuary watershed, spanning more than 5,000 square miles in southeastern New York, is recognized for its remarkable biological diversity.  On the west side of the Hudson River, the West Shore Railroad opened to run passenger service from Weehawken, New Jersey to Albany, and then Buffalo. Settlements of the colony clustered around the Hudson, and its strategic importance as the gateway to the American interior led to years of competition between the English and the Dutch over control of the river and colony. Uniting and empowering communities to protecting their local water resources www.hudsonwatershed.org  Other kinds of pollution, including mercury contamination and discharges of partially-treated sewage, have also caused problems.
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