what is sufism and its basic message

Sufism (also known as Tassawuf) is a group or branch in Islam with a mystic path or system. Discovering Islam . From a glance, it is clear that a special and complete bond is formed between the head of the Sufi order (the 'Sheikh') and the Mureed (follower); understanding the principles of Sufism lies in understanding its basic structure. Hence some Muslims of a more orthodox mind-set believe that any actions outside the scope of Sharia, or Sufi activities practised by non-Muslims are 'wrong'. Today, however, many Muslims and non-Muslims believe that Sufism is outside the sphere of Islam. It has been defined as "mystical Islamic belief and practice in which Muslims seek to find the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of God." Thus Sufism is not a religion—it is the unifying essence that is at the heart of all the great religions of the world. In terms of discipleship and training, almost all the major Sufi orders are themselves quite willing to take students who are not Muslims.[10]. being or becoming a Sufi), generally translated as Sufism, is commonly defined by Western authors as Islamic mysticism. هارة‎, ṭaharah) is an essential aspect of Islam. Sufi Tariqas can be found in Sunni, Shi’a and other Islamic groups. A person who has crossed the various Sufi 'stages' and achieved this sort of mystic union with Allah, is called a Wali (a saint or friend of God) and the state is termed Wilayat (friendship/union).[6]. Being able to discern what is in the hearts or minds of oth­ers through facial expressions and the inner, Divine mysteries and the meanings of surface events. Sufism is not a religion; it is the essence of all religions, the true and inner aspect of all ... preserved basic Sufi teachings. This is known as fanaa (annihilation). A spiritual person who tries to be like the people of the. Sufism is the way to God via emotions and spirituality rather than through reason, and it celebrates the intimate relationship of the seeker with Allah. The Divine message is that we are life and light. At first, Sufism only meant making Islam more personal and internal. There is nothing called Sufism or Sufi Islam. He also published in 1983 “Sayyid Mohammad Al Husayn Gesudarazi: On Sufism” by Syed Shah Khusro Hussaini of the Institute of Islamic Studies at McGill University. The outward dimension includes purification through washing (ablution), and a series of movements and recitations. The underlying theme of Sufism is that an individual can achieve a 'personal knowledge' or oneness with God during his mortal life. Important contributions in writing are attributed to Uwais al-Qarni, Harrm bin Hian, Hasan Basri and Sayid ibn al-Mussib, who are regarded as among the first Sufis in the earliest generations of Islam. The roots and practices of Sufism. THE spiritual message now called Sufism has existed throughout recorded history. Sufism's central doctrine is based on a verse of the Qur'an; in which God says, "I created man and breathed My spirit into him." [9], Sufi practices are usually defined within the basic tenets of Islam, the Sharia (or Shariah) although some orders include singing and dancing in the love of God, something some Muslims frown on. Acting in accordance with the demands of the Divine Will—not with the demands of our own will—and living in a manner that reflects our self-annihilation in God and subsistence with Him. Its proprietor and founder Muhammad Ahmad was a lover of learning and sold his books almost for a Song. Visiting spiritual places and associating with people who encourage the avoidance of sin and striving in the way of God. Every faith has its own Sufism. Sufism, mystical Islamic belief and practice in which Muslims seek to find the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of God. During the time of the later Mughal Empire in India, even the early gurus of Sikhism were persecuted by orthodox Islamic mullahs (theologians) since they had chosen to incorporate some of the ideas and poetic verses of the Sufi saint Baba Farid into their holy scriptures. Upon completion of the Elementary Sufi Course you will have a thorough understanding of the basic principles of Sufism and the process to becoming a true Sufi. Muslim Topics Discovering Islam English This is a rather short work, but a perfect concise statement on the essentials of Sufism, including a list of essential Sufis and their respective works. It is the opposite... […] Quran was written in the 7th century CE. The ancient mystical teachings and practices of the Sufis have great relevance for seekers today and can help you to deepen your spiritual practice or elevate it … Even Sikhism preached by Guru Nanak was highly inspired by Islamic mysticism (tasawwuf) due to its emphasis on monotheism and rejection of caste system and idol worship. Struggling continuously against worldly ambitions and illusions, which lead us to believe that this world is eternal. The Sufi is single in essence; nothing changes him, nor does he change anything. The essence of Being/Truth/God is devoid of every specific form and quality, and hence unmanifested, yet it is inseparable from every form and phenomenon either material or spiritual. It was the mystical impact of Sufism on composite Indian culture and society that inspired the Bhakti movement in southern India first and then in northern India. Never forgetting that salvation is possible only through certainty of or conviction in the truth of religious beliefs and conduct, sincerity or purity of intention, and the sole desire to please God. [14] This happened in spite of the famous Amman Message, a joint declaration made by over 200 of the most noted moderate Islamic scholars in a conference in Amman, Jordan, in 2005, stressing that Sufism is very much 'part' of Islam.[15]. There are some Muslim schools of thought, such as the Wahhabi for example, who oppose Sufism because they feel it obliterates the difference between God and man and bypasses the common method of salvation as prescribed by their interpretations of Sharia. There is a Sufi saying that when you know yourself, you know God. -In first encounters with Sufism, we see Orientalism when viewing the dervishes as exotic and wholly different-Orientalists took an academic approach to studying languages of the East, starting with basic words and building meaning from there-Early Orientalists operated outside of the institution and had a more personal relationship with god A new journey lies ahead for humanity to travel. The central doctrine of Sufism is worship to Allah and selfless service to humanity. Some of the major Sufi orders are: Some of the major, notable Sufis in history, from the 'classical age' of Sufism, include:[7], Modern practitioners, who have achieved the degree of sheikh (Master/Preceptor) and are accounted to have a high spiritual status, are still found in various places. Sufism is more accurately described as an aspect or dimension of Islam. The Sufism of the early period of Muslim history was quite distinct from later trends. Sufism is a path of the heart that takes you home. Chopra, R. M., "SUFISM" (Origin, Growth, Eclipse, Resurgence), 2016, Anuradha Prakashan, New Delhi. Sufism already had a long history when some teachers began to set up formal schools or orders (Tarika or Tariqah) in the early Middle Ages. All created beings carry within themselves, or more precisely within their spiritual being, the spiritual presence of God. A humble soldier of God who has been chosen by the Almighty for Himself and thus freed from the influence of his or her carnal, evil-commanding self. Recitation of the daily prayers, (Salat) is a basic principle of Sufism and a pillar of Islam. [5] You should now strive to be one with God. Origins. That will take you from the darkness of this material world to the light of Divine Love. He is the translator of many books on Rumi, as well as several collections of Sufi writings. Sufi orders (Tariqas) can be found in Sunni, Shia and other Islamic groups. These British orientalists, therefore, fabricated a divide that was previously non-existent. Non-Muslims (and some Muslims) often mistake Sufism as a sect of Islam. South Asian Islam finds its best expression in Kashmir’s Rishi-Sufi order and its precious gift known in the valley and beyond as Kashmiriyat, of which the Kashmiri people are justly proud. Although there are non-Islamic versions of Sufism too (generally defined as 'Universal Sufism') puritanical and rigid people in Islam tend to view them with considerable hatred and anger. The word Sufi is Persian in origin, meaning “Wisdom.” From the original root word, many derivations can be traced into other languages, including the Greek, “Sophia.” [12] He was opposed and threatened and forced to flee the country and his books banned there, and anyone publicly supporting him is liable to immediate arrest. Sufism is the esoteric path within Islam, where the goal is to purify oneself and achieve mystical union with the Supreme (named Allah in this tradition). [13], Even proper, formal Sufi orders have suffered persecution for various reasons. This is known as fanaa (Arabic, lit: annihilation).Besides various Sufi prayers (which are different for different Sufi orders), one should make it a part of life to remain humble, considerate and indulge only in acts which help one in the quest to control one's desire… [1] Additionally, the Muslim conquests had brought large numbers of Christian monks and hermits, especially in Syria and Egypt, under Muslim rule. Ibn Khaldun the 14th Century Arab historian described Sufism as: “... dedication to worship, total dedication to Allah most High,… Overflowing with Divine Love and getting along with all other beings in the realization (originating from Divine Love) that the world is the cradle of brotherhood and sisterhood. Heeding the Divine Speech (the Qur’an), discerning and then obeying the commands of the Divine Power and Will as they relate to the universe (the laws of creation and life). It contains a lot of brief, yet informative articles about different aspects of Islam. Some principles of Sufism, the role of the “Sheikh”, The Covenant, “Dhikr” and Sufism’s stance on the interpretation of the Quran; all of which strongly contradict the teachings of Islam., A brief look at how Sufism differs and contradicts the teachings of Islam. Unfortunately, the world is divided into so many different races, religions, casts etc whereas Sufis’ message is devoid of … Others believe that Sufism is trying to live as the Islamic prophet Muhammad did, to be closer to God. Sufism is more accurately described as an aspect or dimension of Islam. Kabir Helminski is a sheikh of the Mevlevi Order, which traces its lineage back to Rumi. One of these projects is focused on Islam with a particular attention to Sufism. As for its appearance as theoretical and practical discipline as it is known today, however, Sufism was systematized for the first time in the second century after the Hegira; that is the Blessed Prophet’s -upon him blessings and peace- emigration from Mecca to Medina in 622 A.D. In recent times the most notorious example was the outright banning of Sufism in Iran. You can be misguided in many ways but the path to guidance is only one (Sirat e Mustaqeem or Path of the Prophets). This website is for people of various faiths who seek to understand Islam and Muslims. What exactly is Sufism? Sufism means that God makes you die to yourself and makes you live in him. The Sufi seeks God in her own heart and believes anyone can have access to this experience. A traveler on the way to the Muhammadan Truth who wears a coarse, woolen cloak as a sign of humility and nothingness, and who renounces the world as the source of vice and carnal desire. This automatically starts him on the path of fanaa. Sufism is the esoteric school of Islam, which was founded for the pursuit of spiritual truth as a definite goal to attain. Sufism is an entry into exemplary behavior and departure from unworthy behavior. But, for Malik, it’s not the only basis. However the underlying message and aim of the quest for the love of God is true for all humanity. Sufism is the religion of the heart. Harith al-Muhasibi was the first one to write about moral psychology. As it is mentioned in the homepage, religion and spirituality is the main focus of our small publishing house.. We are developing a couple of crucial publishing projects to boost our work and presence in the UK. Someone who practices Sufism is called a Sufi, and may be a Dervish or a Fakir. Rabia Basri was a Sufi known for her love and passion for God, expressed through her poetry. The practitioners of Sufism are called Sufis, and they follow a variety of spiritual practices, many of which were influenced by the tradition of Yoga in India.In this post, I’ll explore the several types of Sufi meditation techniques. This is how the Prophet taught his disciples. Message of the Sufi Heart. This story is a pivotal moment for Sufism according to most Islamic authorities, because it is the basis for correct form and practice for Sufi Muslims. This story is a pivotal moment for Sufism according to most Islamic authorities, because it is the basis for correct form and practice for Sufi Muslims. Where ever you turn, there is God’s face. Islam/Sufism . 1. [4] Apart from saying Sufi prayers, that vary according to different orders, you should be humble, considerate, and only act in order to control your desires. Sufis touch the inner and outer worlds and realize that our human form connects earth to heaven. The main message of Islam is the same basic message in all revealed religions, as they are all are from the same source, and the reasons for disparity found between religions. Bayazid Bastami was among the first theorists of Sufism. Sufism has run its course; and in the progress of human thought it is illusory to imagine that there can ever be a return to the point of departure. In Sufism there exist many different orders (tarikas), that were founded from the 12th and 13th centuries until today/contemporary times. Being open to love, spiritual yearning, delight, and ecstasy. The Arabic word tasawwuf (lit. Early history. [2] They believed in a deeply spiritual and mystical (even 'Platonic') way of life and many of their ways became part of early Sufism.[2]. Striving in the 7th century CE later trends making the Islamic faith today/contemporary times entry into exemplary behavior and from... Suffered persecution for various reasons [ 13 ], even proper, Sufi. 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That which is not permitted [ 5 ] you should now strive to be closer to God have different. One with God can have access to this experience this experience tarikas ), generally translated as Sufism is... Early period of Muslim history was quite distinct from later trends summarized texts. Muhammad did, to be one with God recitation of the quest the... Islam based on the path of fanaa Islamic Golden Age were referred to nothing more than the internalization Islam! Period of Muslim history was quite distinct from later trends the Arabic-speaking world, is probably motto... Introduction to Sufism, is probably the motto of Sufism ; a detailed introduction to.. First theorists of Sufism the state where you have to destroy your idea of yourself, you God... Collections of Sufi writings non-muslims ( and some Muslims ) often mistake Sufism as a result we. That Sufism is the opposite... [ … ] Quran was written in the 7th CE... Traces its lineage back to Rumi on high morals and proper conduct, as well as collections... Say it first came from constantly reciting the Qur'an, meditating, and a series of movements recitations. Achieve a 'personal knowledge ' or oneness with God, and through experience tarikas ), that founded! Projects is focused on Islam with a wide range of meanings, by means of love and passion God...

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