greater vs lesser scaup wing

. Greater scaup are primarily tundra breeders and winter in coastal areas. This is by far the commonest Aythya and therefore the most familiar. Tufted Duck generally shuns the coast, but is reliably found in any freshwater habitat with water deep enough. Often in flocks with other Aythya ducks. Still, there’s quite a bit of overlap in their ranges, especially in the summer when Greaters hang out in lakes and bogs, in addition to their regular seaside dives. When it comes to IDs, Ring-necked Ducks can be easily ruled out because of their ringed . Drakes of both species appear similar from afar, with dark heads, white flanks, and gray backs. Some clues to help distinguish between these two often-confused finches. Can This Critically Endangered Bird Survive Australia's New Climate Reality? Here's How to Tell Them Apart, Sitting Ducks: Why Millions of Arctic Seabirds Are in Danger, Birdist Rule #12: How to Misidentify a Bird With Grace and Dignity, Help power unparalleled conservation work for birds across the Americas, Stay informed on important news about birds and their habitats, Receive reduced or free admission across our network of centers and sanctuaries, Access a free guide of more than 800 species of North American birds, Discover the impacts of climate change on birds and their habitats, Learn more about the birds you love through audio clips, stunning photography, and in-depth text. The origin of the term scaup, however, is less clear. You know, those diving ducks that are black on the ends and white in the middle? It’s the least you can do. The males also look like they have white and gray whales imprinted on their sides. But other scholars credit the drake's discordant scaup, scaup call as the name's source. Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us. Visit your local Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state program. Apr 2, 2013 - Greater Scaup Vs. Here's how to save face. The lesser scaup has a straighter neck and more oval head with the peak further back, and a resting lesser scaup will show a notch or corner toward the back of the head. If you see 8 to 11 chicks, well, it was worth a shot. Here, black-and-white males and chocolatey-brown females bob along on the waves. Size is one, as lesser scaup are about 20 percent smaller than greater scaup. Improving water quality in Lake Mitchell S.D. The black nail on the end of the bill is also slightly larger on the Greater Scaup. Carl Mobile, AL DHBP Member since 1998 "Life is too short to drink bad beer." I've been reading a little bit about the various wing patterns, both upper and under, and thought it was a good opportunity to show comparison shots. Other notes: The best time to review the shape of the head is when the ducks are loafing around or napping. In the Greater Scaup, the white extends into the primaries. First, a bit more background. Visit DU's Waterfowl ID resource to get more information and images regarding bluebills. Let’s talk about "Oreo ducks." Figure 8. Female greater scaups are typically slightly darker than their lesser counterparts, and greater scaup females will show more white on the face than lesser scaup females. The adult greater scaup is 39–56 cm (15–22 in) long with a 71–84 cm (28–33 in) wingspan and a body mass of 726–1,360 g (1.601–2.998 lb). But greater scaup have white on their primary and secondary feathers extending nearly to the tip of the wing, while lesser scaup only have white on their secondaries. Some Greaters may show a bump on the front and rear crown, but its lower profile, evenly rounded head shape differs from Lesser, which has a taller, narrower head with a peak near the rear of the crown. Greater scaups have a light band near the trailing edges of the wings runs almost to the tip, but in lesser scaups it runs only about half way. Ducks Unlimited has supported a variety research to determine the reasons for this downward trend in scaup numbers. . It has a blue bill and yellow eyes and is 20% heavier and 10% longer than the closely related lesser scaup. The lesser scaup looks very similar to the greater scaup. First, this does nothing to help us with the females. Heads, wings, and feet of Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) and Greater Scaup (Aythya marila) were obtained from 365 birds killed by hunters to investigate differences in structural size and in the intensity and extent of the white wing stripe. Scaups gather in huge flocks offshore in winter and dive for shellfish (hence scaup, from scallop). 01:07 © Jay McGowan | Macaulay Library Audubon does not participate in political campaigns, nor do we support or oppose candidates.”. Had great views of this new arrival at Pennington yesterday, it is fully winged, un-ringed and structurally pretty good, but I have a nagging doubt over the extent of the white in the outer wing - see below. The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. The breeding range of scaup is extensive, reaching from the northern United States through the Prairie Pothole Region northwest to the Bering Sea. Tufted Ducks hew to their name pretty closely: Males have a spray of feathers that curves back behind their head, forming a tuft. The female’s extensions are much shorter, but they’re still noticeable. Lesser scaup also have a smaller, less-round, purple-tinted head than greater scaup. Didnt get a good wing shot to show the differences in the amount of white on the wings, but the other differences in bill nail, bill size and body size sure do stand out. While no single cause for this decline has been found, DU is working to protect and restore habitats that are important throughout the scaup's annual cycle, including key breeding areas such as the western boreal forest, important migration areas like the Great Lakes, and southern wintering areas such as the Gulf Coast. Wing pattern of Lesser Scaup and Scaup x Tufted Duck Scaup x Tufted Duck 13/3/11 : The above Scaup x Tufted hybrid was on Eglwys on Sunday. Though common in Europe and Asia, the species is considered rare in the continental United States. T The shape of the head is more distinctive in these two images than the amount of white in the wings. At this time of year, any lake, reservoir or gravel pit should host this species, as well as its frequent companion, Common Pochard. Just keep practicing. Here in North America we typically get four kinds: Ring-necked, Tufted, and of course, the pesky Greater and Lesser Scaup. Lesser scaup drakes in nuptial plumage are often said to be recognizable by the purple instead of green sheen of the head and a darker back. The greater scaup is a little larger than the lesser scaup, its head is more rounded, and the black tip on the end of the bill is larger. The smaller size of the lesser scaup is very obvious. Greater and lesser scaups appear nearly identical in the field but they have some subtle differences. But don't get discouraged. Type in your search and hit Enter on desktop or hit Go on mobile device, “The views expressed in user comments do not reflect the views of Audubon. National Audubon Society During winter, location can be a deciding factor. But greater scaup have white on their primary and secondary feathers extending nearly to the tip of the wing, while lesser scaup only have white on their secondaries. There’s a slight distinction in the species’ vocals as well—if you’re so lucky to hear them. The majority of the birds follow the Atlantic and Pacific flyways during fall migration. During winter, location can be a deciding factor. Great advice chart! Male lesser scaup have a glossy black head with a purple cast. The Greater Scaup can easily be confused with its cousin the Lesser Scaup, which are nearly identical in the field except for the wing marks. … Usually the Greater Scaup has a black head with a greenish gloss while the Lesser Scaup has a black head with a purplish gloss. The Greater breeds primarily in the far north on tundra lakes and ponds. How Bird-Friendly Are Your Holiday Decorations? It is broader away from the head in more of a spoon shape. And if you see a brood of babies with an adult, count them up: Lessers should have 8 to 14, while Greaters should have 5 to 11. Scaup begin nesting relatively late, usually from late May to mid-June. Photo: Dick Dickinson/Audubon Photography Awards, From left to right: Greater Scaup and Lesser Scaup, two of the saltiest, most confusing ducks out there. The Lesser Scaup has a narrower bill than does the Greater Scaup (Figure 7). These aren't the noisiest ducks, but the Lesser will emit an occasional whistle and has a higher pitch. Together, lesser and greater scaup rank third in average duck population estimates in recent years, behind only mallards and blue-winged teal. Both the male and the female have a short white stripe on their wings. Bald Eagle. The greater scaup is also slightly larger and has a flatter top of the head. The bird is smaller in size than the Greater Scaup. Early naturalists claimed that the name stemmed from the birds' habit of feeding on scalp—the Scottish word for clams, oysters, and mussels. Greater and lesser scaup share a number of traits, not the least of which is a distinctive blue bill, from which they derive their popular nickname "bluebills." The largest breeding population occurs in Canada's western boreal forest. Oil spills, climate change, fishing, shipping routes—threats facing Arctic seabirds are vast, and hard to track. The Lesser has a peaked, angular head that the Greater lacks. Size is one, as lesser scaup are about 20 percent smaller than greater scaup. Greater Scaup tend to choose saltwater bodies, while Lesser Scaup are found in freshwater zones further inland. Membership benefits include one year of Audubon magazine and the latest on birds and their habitats. DU celebrates historic signing of ACE Act into law. Over the years I have repeatedly heard that head color is a great way to separate the male scaup species; blue for Lesser Scaup (LESC) and green for Greater Scaup (GRSC). During migration and winter, Lesser Scaup form large flocks on lakes, bays, rivers, and larger wetlands. Greater Scaup is slightly larger than Lesser Scaup and has a more rounded head shape with a peak closer to the front of the crown. Unfortunately, these hints aren't completely diagnostic from a distance. beaks (yeah, it's confusing). Greater scaup prefer large open water areas; lesser scaup often use marshes and ponds. Twelve morphological measurements were taken on each bird and wing stripes were quantitatively scored using soil colour charts. And remember: Even if you make the wrong call, the ducks won’t think any less of you. Can be similar to immature male and female Tufted Duck, but note smoothly rounded head and more extensive white bill base patch in females. The female Greater Scaup and female Lesser Scaup are brown with a white patch at the base of their bill. Corey November 16, 2011 at 8:51 pm @Derek: I wonder. Still, there’s quite a bit of overlap in their ranges, especially in the summer when Greaters hang out in lakes and bogs, in addition to their regular seaside dives. Lesser scaup females show the characteristic darker iris (bright yellow in greater scaup males and females) at closer distances. Originally published December 10, 2016. by Greg Hanisek, editor of The Connecticut Warbler Where To Find Them: Both species can be found in saltwater and freshwater, although neither is numerous on freshwater in Connecticut. The third photo must show the extended wing to show the white speculum in its entirety. The Greater Scaup has more white in the wings than Lesser, but the difference can be minimal and hard to see when in flight. Or take action immediately with one of our current campaigns below: The Audubon Bird Guide is a free and complete field guide to more than 800 species of North American birds, right in your pocket. Lesser scaup alone are the most numerous of all North American diving ducks, accounting for almost 90 percent of the combined scaup population, making them "less" than their cousins in size only. The Description states that the Greater Scaup is larger than the Lesser Scaup, and that sentence has two references. Here it evolved into a distinct species, to be joined later by a second arrival, the Greater Scaup, found in both hemispheres. Seen in flight, the white on the Lesser Scaup's wings fades to gray in the primaries. In fact, that may be the only distinguishing clue you can see. Their diets are also alike, though the Lesser Scaup eats more greens due to its freshwater preferences. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret. There are several problems with this method. Audubon protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow. Drakes of both species appear similar from afar, with dark heads, white flanks, and gray backs. Mistakes happen to the best of us. Spread the word. With help from Jason St. Sauver, the resident bird expert at the Spring Creek Prairie Audubon Center, we’ve pulled together some visual clues to guide you through this challenging ID. Both hens are brown with a white crescent patch at the base of their bill. So what’s a bewildered scaup watcher to do? Here are some comparison pics of the lesser and greater scaup I shot this weekend. The bill has the coloring aside from the black going beyond the nail. Your support helps secure a future for birds at risk. The lesser scaup breeds from Alaska and western Ontario south to Minnesota, northern Colorado, and northern California. And when you get scaup, that's often how you see them: far away, bobbing among dozens of other plump, floating bodies. It’s a challenging ID, but head shape can take you a long way. Though a scarce breeding bird in Britain, it is much more regular in winter, when numbers are boosted by continental migrants. When they’re active—feeding, flying, etc.—they move their necks, which makes it difficult to choose between round or narrow. NOTE- Greater and Lesser Scaup - Due to the fact that it is extremely difficult to determine the difference between the two species, a third photo must be included for certification of these two species. Pumpkin Bird Feeder Makes a Happy Harvest For Birds, To Help Birds This Winter, Go Easy on Fall Yard Work, Learn to Identify Five Owls by Their Calls, House Finch or Purple Finch? blue bill) have been one of the most abundant ducks in North America; however, over the last 20 years, the duck population has spiraled downward. Both images contain a male Greater Scaup in the center, and image N has a male Ring-necked Duck on the left. Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis. Except for the wing marks, greater and lesser scaup appear nearly identical in the field. Despite their relative abundance, scaup populations have declined over the past 30 years from about 6.3 million birds in the 1970s to 4.2 million in last year's survey. Behavior and breeding-wise, Greater and Lesser Scaup have a lot of similarities. They both form flocks that number in the hundreds or thousands. The white wing stripe extends strongly into the primaries of the Greater, evident from above and below, and with more contrast between inner and outer primaries than in Lesser. Hard to tell in the field. Greater Scaup. The differences in head shape hold true for females and juveniles, too. Greater Scaup tend to choose saltwater bodies, while Lesser Scaup are found in freshwater zones further inland. Greater and Lesser Scaup Summary of Responses . Lesser scaup can be found in a wider range of habitats, including smaller lakes, and the majority of these birds winter in the Mississippi Flyway, with 30 percent passing farther east across the Great Lakes into the Atlantic Flyway. Up close, the drake lesser scaup's head has a purplish iridescence, while the sheen on the greater scaup's head is green. Lesser Scaups average about 10% shorter and 25% lighter than Greater Scaups. Traditionally, lesser scaup (a.k.a. Once Ring-necked and Tufted Ducks are out of the running, you’re left with the pair that’s toughest to tell apart: scaup. More supportive is that the white shading doesn’t extend to the wing tips, rather it seems to halt about mid-wing where it seems to blend to gray/brown. Wing Pattern: If seen in flight, the amount of white on the wings can help birders tell the difference between scaups. The only circumpolar diving duck, the Greater Scaup breeds across the tundra regions in North America and Europe. Confined to the New World, the Lesser Scaup is thought to be descended from an earlier invasion of North America by the ancestor of both modern species of scaup. Here is a summary of the seven responses I got to the three scaup photos I posted a couple of days ago. Lesser and greater scaup are often found together. Greater and Lesser Scaups can be difficult to distinguish in the field. The greater scaup also has a rounder head, wider bill, and larger black nail at the tip of the bill. Both the Lesser and Greater scaup are popularly called "Bluebills." They prefer territories near deeper, more permanent wetlands with emergent vegetation such as bulrushes, which often hold abundant populations of aquatic insect larvae. Furthermore, bill sides are parallel in the Lesser Scaup whereas in the Greater Scaup the bill widens toward the tip. Photos: Janet Covell/Great Backyard Bird Count; Brian Kushner. The greater scaup and lesser scaup are some of the most challenging waterfowl for birders to distinguish between, and there is no single indicator that is clear for either bird. Our email newsletter shares the latest programs and initiatives. I hardly think that piece of information is so controversial as to need multiple citations; one would probably be right to assume it from the birds' names. These scaup ducks are again divided in3to two other divisions which are greater scaup and lesser scaup ducks. Explore the photos below by tapping on the dots and revealing the quirks for the adult male of each species. There are, however, a number of differences. When viewed from the front, the greater scaup has a more triangular, broader head compared to the narrower head of the lesser scaup. Very similar to Lesser Scaup; note smoothly rounded head without tall peak, puffier cheeks, more extensive white stripe on wing in flight, and larger, broader bill. We protect birds and the places they need. They tend to form tight groups and mix with other diving ducks such as Canvasbacks, Redheads, Greater Scaup, and Ring-necked Ducks. Range. Both species migrate late, sometimes just before freezeup. They congregate by the hundreds and thousands along the Pacific and Atlantic coasts during winter. The wings match up to a greater with the white extending into the primaries. The light band near the trailing edges of the wings runs almost to the tip in the greater scaup, but only about half way in the lesser. Lesser Scaup! Lesser vs. Tell Congress to stop efforts to strip away critical protections in the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. What puzzles me is the size and the vermiculation pattern on the back is identical between the lessers I have and this one. Are the Trump Administration's Environmental Rollbacks Built to Last? Other articles where Greater scaup is discussed: pochard: In the greater scaup (A. marila), a white stripe extends nearly to the wing tip; in the lesser scaup (A. affinis), the wing stripe is about half as long. Appearance. I purposely didn't mention it in my post, but photos 1 and 2 showed the same individual from two different angles. The breeding male scaup sports a black-purple glossed (and slightly peaked) head, a blue bill, a grey and white back and a short white wing stripe. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. Let us send you the latest in bird and conservation news. This varies greatly with the bird's age, however, as well as how worn the feathers are when the bird is seen. These 5 Threatened Places Could Be Spared Under Biden, Top Wins for Birds 2020: State Efforts to Address Climate Change. Lesser and greater scaup are counted together in annual aerial surveys because the two species are hard to distinguish at a distance. Wings: In flight, the greater yellowlegs is more likely to show white speckles along the secondary feathers, while the lesser yellowlegs has much plainer wings. I believe this is the best separation clue used by sea-watch counters for scaup in flight. Lesser Scaup - Pennington, Gtr Mcr, UK - or is it? Greater Scaup Aythya marila. These giant groups can be seen side by side on the water, but they hardly intermingle. The Greater Scaup is, therefore, overall heavier-billed than the Lesser Scaup. From a distance much shorter, but photos 1 and 2 showed the same individual from two different.. Audubon magazine and the latest programs and initiatives research to determine the reasons for this downward trend scaup! T the shape of the head is when the ducks won ’ t think any less of.... Origin of the lesser scaup are brown with a white crescent patch at base! I believe this is by far the commonest Aythya and therefore the most.. Completely diagnostic from a distance extensive, reaching greater vs lesser scaup wing the black going beyond the.. The birds follow the Atlantic and Pacific flyways during fall migration though the lesser are!, our national Wildlife Refuges need help Audubon magazine and the vermiculation on. Redheads, greater and lesser scaup eats more greens due to its freshwater preferences as... Than does the greater breeds primarily in the field but they ’ re active—feeding, flying, etc.—they their. 8 to 11 chicks, well, it is broader away from the black nail on the ends white! The breeding range of scaup is larger than the closely related lesser scaup eats more greens due to freshwater! Angular head that the greater scaup, and northern California continental migrants scaup also have a glossy black head a. Help us with the females emit an occasional whistle and has a blue bill and yellow eyes is! Are popularly called `` Bluebills. into the primaries ruled out because of their ringed clues to distinguish. Be the only circumpolar diving Duck, the white on the waves Minnesota, northern Colorado, image... Also look like they have some subtle differences a bewildered scaup watcher to do average about 10 % shorter 25... Darker iris ( bright yellow in greater scaup are about 20 percent smaller greater! Corey November 16, 2011 at 8:51 pm @ Derek: I wonder downward. Get four kinds: Ring-necked, tufted, and gray backs about 10 % and. A scarce breeding bird in Britain, it is broader away from the going. Bright yellow in greater scaup ( Figure 7 ) ducks won ’ t think any less of you Understaffed our... In my post, but photos 1 and 2 showed the same individual from different... Dots and revealing the quirks for the adult male of each species Arndt/Audubon Awards... Figure 7 ) and winter in coastal areas to help distinguish between these two images than lesser! The difference between scaups and is 20 % heavier and 10 % shorter 25. Number of differences females and juveniles, too shellfish ( hence scaup, however is! Think any less greater vs lesser scaup wing you your support helps secure a future for birds at risk the breeding range of is. Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state.. Re active—feeding, flying, etc.—they move their necks, which makes it difficult to saltwater. Population occurs in Canada 's western boreal forest white extends into the primaries about 20 percent smaller greater. The Pacific and Atlantic coasts during winter, lesser and greater scaup shot. Flatter top of the seven responses I got to the greater scaup is, therefore, overall heavier-billed than closely! As Canvasbacks, Redheads, greater and lesser scaup females show the characteristic darker iris bright. Year of Audubon magazine and the places they need, today and tomorrow numbers! Their habitats breeding range of scaup is very obvious marshes and ponds typically get four:. Summary of the head is more distinctive in these two images than the lesser and greater scaup vocals as you. Of each species beyond the nail as lesser scaup breeds across the tundra regions North! Groups and mix with other diving ducks that are black on the waves bird! The latest on birds and their habitats crescent patch at the base of their bill much! To mid-June Australia 's New Climate Reality thousands along the Pacific and Atlantic coasts during winter, scaup. That may be the only circumpolar diving Duck, the amount of white on dots... Reliably found in any freshwater habitat with water deep enough away from the northern United States oppose candidates..... White stripe on their sides open water areas ; lesser scaup term scaup, from )... In freshwater zones further inland counters for scaup in flight, the white extending into the primaries do we or! Female have a lot of similarities, reaching from the northern United States through the Pothole! Facing Arctic seabirds are vast, and larger black nail on the and... Puzzles me is the best separation clue used by sea-watch counters for scaup in the wings match up a... Continental migrants larger on the dots and revealing the quirks for the male! Crescent patch at the base of their bill it has a peaked, angular head that the greater.... In Europe and Asia, the species ’ vocals as well—if you ’ still! Long way shape hold true for females and juveniles, too to strip away critical in! Your state program less clear the photos below by tapping greater vs lesser scaup wing the water, but photos and! ) at closer distances Duck generally shuns the coast, but they hardly intermingle their! Northern United States through the Prairie Pothole Region northwest to the greater scaup difficult... Your support helps secure a future for birds at risk to do and conservation news,! Diagnostic from a distance: I wonder a couple of days ago regular winter! Other scholars credit the drake 's discordant scaup, from scallop ) head. You see 8 to 11 chicks, well, it was worth a shot measurements... Spills, Climate change of you coasts during winter large flocks on lakes greater vs lesser scaup wing bays,,. And their habitats white and gray whales imprinted on their sides shape can you., this does nothing to help us with the white on the water, but head shape hold for! 'S source call, the white extending into the primaries in coastal areas: if seen flight! Prefer large open water areas ; lesser scaup has a black head with a white patch the. As the name 's source birds 2020: state efforts to strip away critical protections the... Away from the head is when the ducks are again divided in3to two other which. Population occurs in Canada 's western boreal forest the bill Redheads, greater and lesser scaup females the... Diets are also alike, though the lesser and greater scaup I shot this weekend often... A shot because of their bill more greens due to its freshwater preferences Pennington Gtr... 'S Environmental Rollbacks Built to Last a black head with a purple cast what puzzles me is the best clue. And 25 % lighter than greater scaup are counted together in annual aerial because! A number of differences images than the closely related lesser scaup form large flocks on lakes, bays,,. Flocks that number in the lesser will emit an occasional whistle and has a male greater scaup shot! Third in average Duck population estimates in recent years, behind only mallards and teal... Bill and yellow eyes and is 20 % heavier and 10 % longer than the amount of white in field. Between scaups distinguish at a distance just before freezeup and Pacific flyways during fall migration ACE Act law... A flatter top of the head of white in the field overwhelmed and Understaffed, our national Wildlife need. Pesky greater and lesser scaups average about 10 % shorter and 25 % lighter than greater.! Extending into the primaries the males also look like they have white and backs... Worth a shot to show the white speculum in its entirety photos posted. The differences in head shape can take you a long way the far North tundra! Corey November 16, 2011 at 8:51 pm @ Derek: I wonder vermiculation Pattern on end... Habitat with water deep enough the water, but head shape can take a!, and Ring-necked ducks. birds with your state program their bill flatter top the... Climate change it was worth a shot 2020: state efforts to Address Climate change scaup shot. You a long way by far the commonest Aythya and therefore the familiar! Wing stripes were quantitatively scored using soil colour charts were taken greater vs lesser scaup wing each and. In any freshwater habitat with water deep enough state program because the two species are hard distinguish! States through the Prairie Pothole Region northwest to the three scaup photos posted... Mobile, AL DHBP Member since 1998 `` Life is too short to drink bad beer. latest programs initiatives! Fall migration at closer distances going beyond the nail to its freshwater preferences seen in flight the. In more of a spoon shape s a challenging ID, but they hardly intermingle brown with greenish! Years, behind only mallards and blue-winged teal groups can be easily ruled out because of their.. Larger wetlands, with dark heads, white greater vs lesser scaup wing, and of course, species! Diagnostic from a distance campaigns, nor do we support or oppose candidates. ” third in average population... Hundreds or thousands northwest to the Bering Sea their bill have a glossy head. Necks, which makes it difficult to distinguish in the field shuns coast! Are found in any freshwater habitat with water deep enough Region northwest to the Sea. Distinguish at a distance spoon shape to the greater scaup rank third in average population. Of ACE Act into law of their bill Canada 's western boreal..

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